Since the last 27 years, ERA India has been involved in numerous activities which have helped the residents to improve their Economic Status and sustain it. A brief description of the activities that ERA has been involved in is as following:
- Irrigation Measures–
It involves development of irrigation facilities for enhancement of crop productivity. Various constructions of irrigation tanks, lining/constructions of khuls has been undertaken.
Soil and water conservation Measures- This was accomplished by construction of gabions, retaining walls, loose boulder check dams, diversion drains for protecting the fields of farmers from soil erosions.
- Fodder Development–
Under this project ERA accomplished plantation of more grass in the concerned areas and high quality fodder plantations. It was proposed that grass slips would be planted keeping a plant distance of about 30 cm. On an average the width of each field is about 5km.
- Agronomic and Horticulture Measures–
Villagers proposed agronomic and horticulture measures for improving their livelihoods. Under agronomic project the measure undertaken by ERA were introduction of good agricultural practices and promotion of system of crop intensification (SCI), vegetable cultivation.
- Fruit Plantation–
Under fruit plantation measures ERA proposed and implemented rejuvenation of old plants and planting new high yielding fruit plants of oranges, lemons, sweet lime, malta and walnut following agro-horti system.
- Vermicomposting Pits–
ERA implemented construction of vermicomposting pits in the concerned villages. Two chambered vermicomposting pits were implemented with the size of 2m * 2m * 1.25m with cost of Rs 3,552 including cost of raw materials has been implemented.
- Crop Intensification–
Promoting system of rice intensification has revealed an increase of about 40% increase in Himachal Pradesh. This has helped increase production per unit area. An average family size in the concerned villages is 5-6 members and annual food grain consumption is 0.8 to 1 ton. The farm production was able to meet the annual household food grain requirement of about 8 months i.e. a gap of 0.5 tons. By the crop intensification project the annual food grain production of the concerned areas has been increased by 60% per household.
- Animal Husbandry–
Activities proposed under this component aims to change the current perspective of low input-output systems to an attracting system that enhances the household income. A shared vision and approach to emulate proven practices from the nearby villages has been proposed in the development of LDPs.
- Secondary Income Generation Activities–
Under secondary income generation microenterprises namely kuroiler rearing, goat rearing, poly-tunnels, mushroom, fishery and community tourism has been proposed across villages in the three clusters. These activities have been proposed primarily to benefit households falling below the perceived line.
- Change in Land use–
The proposed interventions would make significant changes in the present land use. Under this program assured irrigation will be provided both in kharif and rabi seasons. Assured irrigation will enhance crop productivity and motivate the farmers to take up cash crops and vegetable cultivation.