Sustainable Mountain Livelihoods










Since the last 27 years, ERA India has been involved in numerous activities which have helped the residents to improve their Economic Status and sustain it. A brief description of the activities that ERA has been involved in is as following:

  • Irrigation Measures

It involves development of irrigation facilities for enhancement of crop productivity. Various constructions of irrigation tanks, lining/constructions of khuls has been undertaken.

Soil and water conservation Measures- This was accomplished by construction of gabions, retaining walls, loose boulder check dams, diversion drains for protecting the fields of farmers from soil erosions.


  • Fodder Development

Under this project ERA accomplished plantation of more grass in the concerned areas       and high quality fodder plantations. It was proposed that grass slips would be planted   keeping a plant distance of about 30 cm. On an average the width of each field is about     5km.


  • Agronomic and Horticulture Measures

Villagers proposed agronomic and horticulture measures for improving their livelihoods. Under agronomic project the measure undertaken by ERA were introduction of good            agricultural practices and promotion of system of crop intensification (SCI), vegetable      cultivation.


  • Fruit Plantation

Under fruit plantation measures ERA proposed and implemented rejuvenation of old        plants and planting new high yielding fruit plants of oranges, lemons, sweet lime, malta and walnut following agro-horti system.


  • Vermicomposting Pits

ERA implemented construction of vermicomposting pits in the concerned villages. Two   chambered vermicomposting pits were implemented with the size of 2m * 2m * 1.25m    with cost of Rs 3,552 including cost of raw materials has been implemented.


  • Crop Intensification

Promoting system of rice intensification has revealed an increase of about 40% increase   in Himachal Pradesh. This has helped increase production per unit area. An average           family size in the concerned villages is 5-6 members and annual food grain consumption     is 0.8 to 1 ton. The farm production was able to meet the annual household food grain    requirement of about 8 months i.e. a gap of 0.5 tons. By the crop intensification project    the annual food grain production of the concerned areas has been increased by 60% per      household.


  • Animal Husbandry

Activities proposed under this component aims to change the current perspective of low   input-output systems to an attracting system that enhances the household income. A           shared vision and approach to emulate proven practices from the nearby villages has been proposed in the development of LDPs.


  • Secondary Income Generation Activities

Under secondary income generation microenterprises namely kuroiler rearing, goat           rearing, poly-tunnels, mushroom, fishery and community tourism has been proposed   across villages in the three clusters. These activities have been proposed primarily to         benefit households falling below the perceived line.


  • Change in Land use

The proposed interventions would make significant changes in the present land use.          Under this program assured irrigation will be provided both in kharif and rabi seasons.   Assured irrigation will enhance crop productivity and motivate the farmers to take up             cash crops and vegetable cultivation.